One of the classic and most popular themes in art is a portrait. (Portrait (French portrait – an image) is an art, an artistic image of a man in a static position.)
Types of portrait:
~ According to the number of persons depicted: single, double and group.
~ By genre: sculptures, paintings and graphics.
~ According to the composition: head, head and shoulder girdle, half length figure, whole figure.
~ According to the head position: full face, three-quarters, and semiprofile profile.
~ According to sex and age: men, women, children and animals.
~ Self-portraits: A special type of portrait is a self-portrait, where an artist or photographer creates a portrait of himself.
Painting a portrait is not the easiest task. Many artists have dedicated a large part of his life to his research.
Of particular importance in painting the portrait are the proportions. Of course, everyone looks different, but strictly following certain rules helps with makeing drastic errors, especially for beginners.
We use nose as a unit in determining the height.
It is applied approximately four times the height of the head.
Approximately one nose height is distance from the root (base) of the nose to chin.
The primary measure for width is eye.
The distance between both eyes is one eye.
The total width of the head is five eye widths.
Below you can see the scheme of building a portrait. Rough sketch of this kind can save a number of errors per drawing / portrait.
A common mistake when painting a portrait is that the back of the head is drawn too flat. Note that the back of the skull is spherical, not flat.
If the portrait is not painted from life (a model to pose), it is most often done by picture. For this purpose it is good to obtain sufficient quality and detail photography that will help most of the artist to clarify the features of the man who paints.
To make a professional portrait can be used a number of techniques and materials. Whether it is pencil, charcoal, ink, pastel, watercolor, oil or acrylic paint, paper or canvas depends on the outcome, what is desired to achieve, and the use of the finished work.
Mastering the art of portrait painting is not only mastering the techniques and materials. One of the greatest artist challenges is what makes life work, to express character and emotions of a portrait.
Master of Fine Art and sculpting